It is said that the education is something that remains within a person when he forgets all of what he has learned. It is a constant and lifelong activity aiming to gain and perfect his skills and qualities, but mostly it is connected to the children.
The process of raising a child, mediating knowledge and enabling him to become educated is tied to a basic question: How do we want to raise the child? The education helps the child to develop his abilities. According to what knowledge would we like to transmit to the child and the structure of his education, we can aim to develop his mental and physical abilities and skills, as well as his prosocial behavior by means of various methods of education.
The education which aims to develop mental abilities and primarily cultivates cognition, language and mathematical concepts is called the intellectual education. The development of the child’s physical abilities is primarily secured by the work-related education and physical education. The goal of prosocial education is to get the child acquainted with the basic rules of appropriate behavior within the society.
The individual components of education gradually teaches the preschool children the system of knowledge which enables them to achieve a level of school maturity.
When speaking of the child’s mental education, which develops his intellect to the largest extent, it is also important to realize that the level of the child’s mental advancement is not determined by his scale of knowledge, but rather by his natural abilities and emotional and social attributes. These are without a doubt the self-esteem or child’s natural curiosity. The knowledge possessed by a preschool child and consequently the parents’ joy that their child surpasses his peers are often premature. On that account, apart from the theoretical education of their children, the parents should emphasize the development and support of the child’s natural abilities and skills in the same way.
The National Center for Clinical Infant Programs targets this particular issue in one of their reports, defining seven most important aspects promoting the ability to learn:
The child with common level of self-esteem completely controls and handles his motion and behavior. He is confident that every one of his ventures and efforts will be successful. At the same time, the child knows that he can turn to the adults and that they would provide help, if necessary.
The naturally curious child feels that it is good and intriguing for him to learn new things and that the process of learning is a pleasant activity.
3. Ability to act with a certain goal
The child with this ability is continuous in his activities and can influence its course to achieve the goal which has been set before. At the same time, the child is aware of his abilities and knows how to use them.
The child with certain level of self-control according to his age is able to adapt and has a sense of inner self-control.
5. Ability to work with others
Within the scope of this ability, the child is able to work so that the others understand the intention of his activity. At the same time, the child understands the feedback and demands of his peers.
6. Ability to communicate
The child able to communicate exhibits his thoughts, emotions and ideas by means of the words. The level of advancement of this ability is closely connected to the child’s level of trust in the people around him and the feelings resulting from the situations experienced by him.
7. Ability to cooperate
The child which is able and willing to cooperate is also able to find the balance between his own needs and the needs of others in the course of a common activity.
As we have mentioned, the process of education can lead to gaining and perfecting mental or physical attributes and skills of a child.